Ecobrick Applications
Practical & Principled Ecobrick Building.

Ecobricks can build furniture, gardens, play parks, structures and more. The only limit is our imagination!

That said, building with ecobricks, and the plastic they contain, is a big responsibility. To make sure that our plastic is safe and sequestered the Global Ecobrick Alliance (GEA) has developed building recommendations, standards and principles principles to ensure your ecobrick applications are great over the short-term and the long.

Thinking Short and Long

Ecobricks can be used for short or long term applications which balance the benefits of utility and the securing of plastic.


Short-term Applications

Silicone or inner-tube-bands can be used as short-term, non-permanent attachment methods to create ecobrick applications that last for months and up to several years.

As short-term applications are not usually covered up, they are typically for indoor use, in order to prevent the UV photodegradation of the bottles. Short term application are easier for people to make and accelerate the mandalic spread of ecobricking.


Long-term Applications

Earth and Ecobrick building techniques are used to create structures that can last years or decades (it is not uncommon for traditional constructions to last centuries!). Earth mixes (i.e Cob (material), Wattle and daub, adobe) are used to lay ecobricks horizontally and completely cover them for full protection against all forms of degradation.

The main benefit of long-term applications is plastic sequestration– fully securing plastic from all forms of degradation for the long-haul.

Ecobrick Storage

Before you build with ecobricks, it is essential to store them properly.


An example of an eco brick storage depot to prepare for building

Before you build with ecobricks, it is essential to store them properly. Ideally, ecobricks are stored off of the ground (on a floor or raised on wood) and fully protected from the sun and the elements. Ecobricks are best stacked horizontally with their bottom pointed outwards. This enables you to organize your ecobricks by colour and brand– which later facilitates project planning and making.

An example of how to store eco bricks properly
ℹ️ Learn more how to make and store ecobricks properly: How to make an ecobrick

1. Milstein Modules

The easiest, fastest, and perhaps the most fun ecobrick application, are Milstein Module horizontal lego.

GEA trainers sitting at a table with eco brick milstein modules made from plastic

The easiest, fastest, and perhaps the most fun ecobrick application, are Milstein Modules (MMs). These are hexagon and triangle shaped configurations of ecobricks that are used for sitting, but can be combined together to form one or two level horizontal surfaces. Applications include tables, beds, stages, etc. All you need is 12 ecobricks to start! Generic silicone sealant or motorcycle inner tubes can be used to make MMs . Ecobrick Milstein Modules can then slide into deployment for classes, concerts, meetings and more to make horizontal surfaces. They can be stacked one on top of the other to add one level of vertical height. They can be stacked and stored vertically to save space.

milstein eco-brick module building

🟡 Maintenance

Modules should be cleaned once a year. Broken modules can be repaired with silicone.


🟢 Next Life

Well used ecobrick Milstein Modules wil last 2-3 years. After this time, the silicone joints began to weaken and to fail. Ecobricks also begin to loose their lustre as the colors of the contained plastic begin to fade. This is a good opportunity to transition them to long term building applications where they are fully protected with earth.


🔴 Caution

For indoor use only. The UV rays in sunlight will degrade and fade your ecobricks and weaken the bottle’s plastic.



🚀 Learn more & make

Check our page all about Milstein modules.

2. Dieleman Modules

Ecobricks can be combined into modules that can be used to build vertically and horizontally much like LEGO.

Dieleman lego eco brick modules

So this is pretty cool– ecobricks can make LEGO-like blocks! Dieleman Modules, or DMs for short, are a way to turn bottles into modular bricks that can be stacked vertically. Sixteen ecobricks are siliconed together to make one DM module.

DMs interconnect just like Legos. They stack one upon the other and enable you to make walls, towers and columns, quickly and easily without any glue or mortar. Best Usage: Awesome for open spaces, indoor playgrounds and building structures for concerts or fairs in minutes. Can be taken apart and stored just as fast!

The DMs can then be disassembled just as easily.

Examples of the different types of dieleman lego modules

🟡 Maintenance

Modules should be cleaned once a year. Broken modules can be repaired with silicone.


🟢 Next Life

Well-used DMs wil last 2-3 years. After this time, the silicone joints began to weaken and to fail. Ecobricks also begin to loose their lustre as the colors of the contained plastic begin to fade. This is a good opportunity to transition them to long term building applications where they are fully protected with earth.


🔴 Caution

For indoor use only. The UV rays in sunlight will degrade and fade your DMs and weaken the ecobrick's plastic.



🚀 Learn More & Make

Check our page all about Dieleman modules.

3. Earth Modules

Use the basic principles of Earth and Ecobrick Building to make outdoor stools, coffee tables and more with your ecobricks.

Eco brick earth modules for sitting or coffee table

Use the basic principles of Earth and Ecobrick Building to make outdoor stools, coffee tables and more with your ecobricks. These modules are an ideal place to start to learn the basics of Earth building. We use their construction in GEA Builder courses as a simple, non-structural start to the fundamental earth building techniques.



🟡 Maintenance

Earth modules must be move around carefully as they can crack and break.


🟢 Next Life

Once broken or cracked, modules can be destroyed and their ecobricks extracted and reused. If pure cob has been used, this too can be wet and reused in earth building projects.


🔴 Caution

Avoid building fully with cement. Cementing ecobricks make them often impossible to remove without the bottle being ruptured.

Often earth modules can also be very heavy and care must be used in moving them.



🚀 Learn More & Make

Check our page all about earth and ecobrick building.

4. Open Spaces

Ecobrick Open Spaces are for community that have completed thousands of high quality ecobricks with consistent bottle sizes and brands.

Eco-brick open spaces for use with eco brick modules of all kinds

Ecobrick Open Spaces are for community that have completed thousands of high quality ecobricks with consistent bottle sizes and brands. These ecobricks can then be combined into an assortment of Milstein and Dieleman modules to create a diverse set of several hundred modules.

These modules can then be deployed for confernces, exhibtions, fairs and other special events to create customized interactive spaces. These spaces can either be setup in advance or invite participants to interact, play and create their own space.

Examples of an eco brik open space

Ecobrick communities that have amassed Open Space sets often rent out to events and venues to show case ecobrick modular technology and regenerative principles.


Example eco brick open space


🟡 Maintenance

Open space modules sets should be cleaned once a year. Broken modules can be repaired with silicone.


🟢 Next Life

Well used ecobrick modules wil last 2-3 years. After this time, the silicone joints began to weaken and to fail. Ecobricks also begin to loose their lustre as the colors of the contained plastic begin to fade. This is a good opportunity to transition them to long term building applications where they are fully protected with earth.


🔴 Caution

Open spaces should be indoor or in covered spaces only. The UV rays in sunlight will degrade and fade your ecobricks and weaken the bottle’s plastic.



🚀 Learn More & Make

Check our page all about Ecobrick Open Spaces.

5. Earth & Ecobrick Building

The most enduring and greenest way to build with ecobricks is using Earth Building techniques.

Our number one choice for structural building! This method is strong, earthquake resilient, allows curved walls and designs, allows ecobricks to be recycled at the end of the construction, and relies only on 100% organic, locally-sourced materials that cost next to nothing.

Earth building was used by our ancestors to build homes and structures that have endured for centuries. This general method is known by different names in different languages and continents– cob, adobe, wattle-and-daub, etc. By using local earth, straw and sand to make the mortar for the ecobricks we can build in ways that are resilient, strong, beautiful, and thermal-retentive.

Earth building is in full resonance with our principles— it is simple and replicable, non-capital, non-petroleum, collaboration powered, cradle-to-cradle and potently regenerative. Earth building techniques are gender and age transcendent: involving men and women, young and old, and everyone in between in the building process.

eco brik and earth building can make tree benches

Earth and Ecobrick Building is ideal for constructing simple garden spaces – playgrounds and what we call ‘food forest play parks‘.


eco brik and earth building can make tree benches

The Ecobrick and Earth Building techniques can then be extrapolated for wall and structure construction.

The Earth Building technique can completely cover ecobricks, effectively securing them indefinitely in the construction. This keeps them safe from UV light and other forms of degradation. After 10, 20 or 100 years, when your structure comes to its end (as everything eventually does) the ecobricks can be extricated undamaged and fully repurposed.



🟡 Maintenance

Earth modules need to be regularily inspected. Cracks and breaks to the wall are best quickly repaired to avoid erosion to the structure.


🟢 Next Life

Earth and ecobrick constructions disassemble into crumbled cob mortar which can be returned to the earth without problem (or reused in another earth construction!). The ecobricks can be removed from the crumbled cob to be reused in any way.


🔴 Caution

It’s outside of the corporate construction paradigm: your bank won’t give you a mortgage, insurance companies won’t cover it, and your hands and feet will get dirty.



🚀 Learn More & Make

Check our page all about Earth & Ecobrick Building.

And more ideas!

People around the world are building all sorts of great and unique things with their ecobricks!

Eco brick book shelf

People around the world are building all sorts of great and unique things with their ecobrick! Did you know that Ecobricks float really well? We can’t wait to see the first ecobrick boats and islands. Have you seen or developed useful applications? Please share with us, or help our team develop this page further. Share your photos on the web with the hash tag #ecobricks.

From baseball bats to boats, the sky is the limit on what you can use ecobricks for! Ecobricks can be used for getting fit, for games and more.


A Safe Passage Through Time

Building with ecobricks is a significant responsibilty. Ecobricks represent large amounts of secured plastic that will last a long time. If our constructions lack long-term planning and maintenance, plastic will eventually leach, degrade and escape.

Planning for the maintence and the eventual end of your construction crucial. This way we can put our plastic on a safe passage through time.



eco brick road into the distance

Ecobrick Building Custodianship Agreements

The Global Ecobrick Alliance strongly recommends that in that end-of-life plans be established with the constudians of the site. These terms of transfer agreements must lay out the responsibilities for the construction's maintenance and end as well as the responsibilities that the site's custodian aquires for the construction's ecobricks. This agreement must account for the eventual removal and resuse of the ecobricks.

The GEA has developed a free-use sample and template of our Ecobrick Building & Custodianship Agreement. Download the PDF and ODG versions here:

eco brik and earth building can make tree benches

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