Building with Ecobricks

With a little imagination, Ecobricks can be used for almost anything.

Ecobricks can be connected using tire bands, silicone, cob, and cement*.  Ecobricks can be used to build  furniture, gardens, structures and more.  Ecobricks are being used in different ways around the world. On this page, we’ve put together a summary of the most popular applications of Ecobricks.  We’ve also created the Vision Ecobrick Construction Guide to help you get started.   Meanwhile, you will find a brief overview of each building technique, its pros and cons, below.

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The Vision Ecobrick Construction Guide is available free as printable, shareable PDF in English and Indonesian. Download the booklet to get started with the core principles of bottle building.

The Main Ecobrick Applications

Ecobrick Modules

msThe easiest, fastest, and perhaps the funnest Ecobrick application, is to make modules.  With modules you can create benches, table, chairs and more.  All you need is 12 Ecobricks to start!  We have found that silicone sealant works best to assemble the modules.   Ecobrick Modules can then slide into deployment for classes, concerts, meetings and more.  They can be stacked one on top of the other like Legos and stored vertically to save space.


  • Pros:  All you need is a few Ecobricks to start!  Super easy.  Fun.
  • Cons: For indoor use only.   The UV rays in sunlight will degrade and fade your Ecobricks.

Learn more about making modules with Ecobricks >>


Maier-Dielman Modules:  Ecobrick Lego

MDMs diagramSo this is pretty cool– Ecobricks can make Legos.  Maier-Dielman Modules, or MDMs for short, are a way to turn bottles into modular bricks that can be stacked vertically and horizontally.  Sixteen Ecobricks are siliconed together to make one MD module.  MDs interconnect just like Legos.  They stack one upon the other and enable you to make just about anything, fast and easy without any glue or mortar.  The MDs can then be disassembled just as easily.


  • Pros: Awesome for indoor playgrounds and building structures for concerts or fairs in minutes.  Can be taken apart and stored just as fast!
  • Cons: For indoor use only.  Ecobricks are exposed and thus the furniture cannot be used outside– UV rays will degrade and fade your ecobricks. Untested for outdoor long-term building projects.

Learn more about Ecobrick MD Modules >>

Ecobricks and Cob

Screen Shot 2017-03-02 at 9.49.11The most enduring and greenest way to build with ecobricks is using cob (adobe) as mortar.  This method is ideal for building simple garden spaces, playgrounds and walls.  Cob is an ancient building technique that makes use of local clay, sand and straw to make a mortar that is resilient, strong, beautiful, and thermal-retentive.

Cob was used by our ancestors to build homes and structures that have endured for centuries.  Cob is easy and free to make, and involves the children as well as the adults in the construction process.


Best of all, cob completely covers the Ecobricks, keeping them safe from UV light and other forms of degradation.  This means that 10, 20 or 100 years from now, when your structure comes to its end (as everything eventually does) your great-grandchildren can extricate the ecobricks from the cob and have them ready for their next application.

  • Pros:  Our number one choice for structural building!  This method is strong, earthquake resilient, allows curved walls and designs, allows ecobricks to be recycled at the end of the construction, and relies only on 100% organic, locally-sourced materials that cost next to nothing.
  • Cons:  Its outside of the corporate construction paradigm: Your bank won’t give you a mortgage, insurance companies won’t cover it, and your hands and feet will get dirty.

Learn more about building with Ecobricks and Cob >>



Ecobrickers in South Africa have come up with a way to build modular units with Ecobricks.  An innovation by Johanesburg architect and ecobricker Ian Domisse, these simple modules just require a plywood sheet to hold them together.


  • Pros: Great for indoor structures, for concerts or fairs in minutes.  Can be taken apart and stored fast.
  • Cons: Cannot be directly exposed to the elements but can be plastered concealed with boarding material.

Pura Vida Atitlan Construction Method

A combination of traditional post and beam concrete structure and ecobricks has been developed by the Pura Vida Atitlan Ecobrick movement in Guatemala.  They have a free PDF manual that describes their Sistema Constructiva Pura Vida (Spanish). Chicken wire is used between two concrete beams to allow the vertical stacking of ecobricks.  Once the wall space has been filled with ecobricks, the wire is plastered over with cement.   The construction method is tested and endorsed by Designers Without Borders, NorskForm (Norwegian Centre for Design and Archetecture), and INDIS (Instituto de Investigación en Diseño de la Universidad Rafael Landívar).  HugItForward uses this method to build schools that are subsidised by volunteer ecotourism.


  • Pros:  A great way to put lots of Ecobricks to use to build a community structure.  A hybrid method between traditional construction and Ecobricks.  Ecobricks can be recycled when the construction comes to its end.
  • Cons: Uses cement, steels, and non-local materials.   Results in square structures.  Requires outside funding.

More Applications

ecobrick baseball batFrom baseball bats to boats, the sky is the limit on what you can use Ecobricks for!  Did you know that Ecobricks float really well?  We can’t wait to see the first Ecobrick boats and islands. Have you seen or developed useful applications?  Please share with us, or help our team develop this page further.  Contact us >>

img_2429.jpgGet the Vision Ecobrick Guide

Before you and your team get started, we recommend downloading and reviewing our Ecobrick Construction Guide.  It lays out the essential principles and basic techniques for bottle and ecobrick building.

Go to the Downloads page >>

*An Important Note on Concrete

We advise against using ecobricks with concrete as the connecting mortar.  Concrete will solidly hold ecobricks together as walls.  However, such walls are impossible to come down without the hard rubble rupturing the ecobricks (note this is not the case with the Pura Vida Atitlan method, as the ecobricks are not bonded with concrete).  It is important to think of the next life of ecobricks and the end or our structures.  See Cradle to Cradle ecobrick design.